Thank you for participating in Alyeska’s Mountain Education Test. We expect you
to be a responsible and courteous skier, helping us maintain our reputation as
a great place to ski. If you have questions regarding this information or
mountain operations, please ask. We welcome your questions and ideas.
Completion of this test is a required step in obtaining your pass back. This
test consists of information and questions. You will be given a chance to
answer any missed questions at the end.
* Required Fields
Snow riding can be enjoyed in many ways. You may see people
using alpine skis, telemark skis, snowboards, or adaptive ski equipment. For
this test, all of the ‘snow riding’ disciplines just mentioned will be referred
to as ‘skiing’. Regardless of how you choose to enjoy the slopes, always show
courtesy to others. Be aware that there are elements of risk in skiing that
common sense and personal awareness can help reduce. Please understand that
according to the Alaska Skier Safety Act, it is the duty of the skier/rider to
notice and obey all posted signs. Observe the Skier Responsibility Code listed
Always ski in control and be able to avoid other people or objects.
People ahead of you have the right of way. It is your responsibility to avoid them.
You must not stop where you obstruct a trail or are not visible from above.
Whenever starting downhill or merging onto a trail, look uphill and yield to others.
Always use devices to prevent runaway equipment.
Observe all posted signs and warnings. Keep off closed runs and out of closed areas.
Prior to using any lift, you must have the knowledge and ability to load, ride and unload safely.
When overtaking another skier, who has the right of way?
1: The faster skier 2: Neither skier 3: The skier below you 4: Who ever is in control
When making a sudden turn to exit a run, when starting out on a trail, or when dropping in from a traverse, you should…
1: Call out your intentions 2: Look uphill and behind you for others 3: Do nothing special, you have the right of way 4: Be sure to weight your downhill ski
In order to prevent injuries to others resulting from "runaway" skis or snowboards, the Skier Responsibility Code requires the use of devices to prevent runaway equipment. This refers to ski binding brakes or retention straps, which are...
1: Needed only on alpine skis 2: Needed on alpine and telemark skis equipped with releasable bindings 3: Needed on all snowboards, telemark, and alpine skis 4: Not needed on non-release telemark skis
There are a few things about skiing we want to emphasize:
A. Skiing is an action sport: accidents and injuries do occur.
B. Alaska has an Inherent Risks of Skiing Statute. An abbreviated version can
be found on the back of your ski pass or media card/day ticket and states:
Under Alaska law, the risk of an injury to person or property resulting from any of the inherent dangers and risks of skiing rest with the skier. Inherent danger and risks of skiing include changing weather conditions; existing and changing snow conditions; bare spots; rocks, stumps and trees; collisions with natural objects, man-made objects, or other skiers; variations in terrain; and the failure of skiers to ski within their own abilities. If you are involved in a collision with another skier/boarder you must stay at the scene until ski patrol arrives.
C: Be aware that snowmaking equipment, snowmobiles and snowcats may be on the
slopes at any time. Always ski in control! You may encounter unmarked obstacles
at any time.
D: Even though many natural hazards including bare spots, cliffs, rocks, drops,
holes, avalanche debris, stumps, etc. are marked, it is impossible to mark
every single hazard on the mountain.
When skiing at Alyeska, you can expect
and rocks to be marked or roped.
1: TRUE 2: FALSE
Which of the following statements is not true?
1: An accident or injury may occur at any time while skiing 2: Variations or steepness of terrain are an integral part of skiing 3: You can ski for free on Easter if you wear a Santa Claus costume 4: Alaska has an Inherent Risks of Skiing Statute
Alyeska has orange "SLOW" banners in many places. Although we realize that all
skiers enjoy skiing at different speeds, please show respect to slower skiers,
children, beginners and congested areas by slowing down and being aware of your
surroundings. Be extremely cautious and aware of others while skiing near any
of these "SLOW" banners.
An area marked by a "SLOW" banner indicates...
1: All skiers should begin to snowplow 2: Skiers should slow down if they see a patroller 3: That you have skied into a beginner area 4: That you should ski conservatively and be extremely aware of other skiers and your surroundings.
A ski run may ski differently at different times of the day. Changing snow
conditions, fluctuations in crowd, and morning rushes are just a few things
that may affect a given run, such as Denali or Von Imhof Drive. Often people
trying to leave the ski area at the end of the day may cause crowding on a run
that is usually fairly empty. Outer areas and upper mountain lifts may close
leading to higher skier concentrations on lower mountain runs and night skiing
terrain. If you find yourself in any of these situations, please be observant
and ski courteously and responsibly, giving other skiers a wide berth and
respecting their choice to ski at slow speeds.
Which of the following may cause the density of skiers
on a run to change during the day?
1: A change in conditions that makes the off trail skiing difficult 2: End of the day skiers returning to base 3: Closing of outer areas and upper mountain lifts 4: All of the above
Alyeska has a number of areas designated as Slow Zones or Slow Family Ski Zones.
These areas are indicated by yellow on trail maps and/or slow signs on the
mountain. When approaching designated slow or family ski zones, please proceed
with caution and respect to varying skiing abilities.
Which of the following IS NOT designated as a slow or
family ski zone at Alyeska? (Please use a trail map if you are unsure)
1: The area from the top or Lift 4 to the base of Lift 6, including the Runway 2: The areas of Denali and Von Imhof Drive 3: All of the lower mountain including all runs accessed from Lifts 3 and 7 4: The High Traverse
Some may consider jumping to be an integral part of skiing. Jumping, by nature, requires a momentary loss of contact with the snow. This results in longer stopping or turning distances. Some jumps have blind landing areas as well. If you are jumping we ask that you avoid crowded areas and use a second person to check for merging skiers or other skiers who you can't see. Remember to exercise caution for control. Other skiers may not realize that they are below a jump. Please do not jump on or cross groomed terrain unless designated as "Freestyle Terrain".
Skiers who wish to jump must always….
1: Have a clear view of their landings or utilize a spotter 2: Reduce speed prior to encountering other skiers, especially on groomed runs 3: Be aware that inverted aerial maneuvers are only allowed in terrain parks 4: All of the above
One of the nicest things about Alyeska is the variety of people skiing here. We have many returning customers, some of whom have made the trip to Alyeska for decades. Each of these customers made a first trip to Alyeska, and it was this first experience that made them want to return. Some things keep them coming back that we can't control, such as scenery and snowfall, but many things we can. Customers offended by fast and reckless skiing, swearing, rude behavior and aggressiveness may have a negative ski experience, causing them to ski elsewhere. We ask your help in creating a welcoming atmosphere for all of our skiers.
A customer's experience may be most negatively affected
1: People skiing fast and out of control 2: Foul language and impolite behavior on ski runs, lifts, and resort facilities 3: Rude and aggressive skiers 4: All of the above
Collisions with other skiers can occur. Many times the outcome is fortunate and neither skier is hurt, but sometimes an injury occurs. If involved in a collision with another skier we expect you to behave in a reasonable manner. This is not the time for blame and accusation. Check to make sure the other skier is not hurt. Make sure you are not hurt. The law requires that both skiers stop and render assistance, and upon request, exchange names and contact information. Ski Patrol should also be notified and given names and contact information of those involved in the collision. You should not leave the scene without these exchanges.
If involved in a collision with another skier, you...
1: Must stop and render assistance and exchange information with ski patrol and other parties 2: May yell at the other person if it's that person's fault 3: Are entered in a drawing to receive a free pair of skis 4: Both 2 and 3
Skiing is a social sport, skiers like to share the experience with friends and
family. Many people become concerned that they will become separated from their
group. This causes people to stop and regroup. They may also proceed slowly so
as not to lose the slowest member of their party. Parents skiing with their
children and Ski School classes commonly do this. Please respect these groups
when overtaking them. Expect sudden turns and stops. Be patient with the
congestion they may cause.
When skiing in a group, which of the following should
1: Stop and regroup only where not obstructing the trail and remain visible from above 2: Avoid stopping in congested areas or narrow ski runs 3: Have a designated meeting spot out of the way of traffic 4: Please follow all of the above
One thing that makes Alyeska special is our incredible snow and outer areas. Outer areas may be accessed only through gates with signage indicating the area or run is open. Outer areas are surrounded by double or single rope lines with signs indicating “Avalanche Area: Enter thru Gate Only”. Be aware that outer areas routinely close at different times each day and always close prior to the main ski area. Status of the outer areas can be found on status boards located at the top of the Tram, the top of Lift Six, and at all ticket counters.
Alyeska’s outer areas include the following, EXCEPT:
1: The High Traverse & Max’s 2: The North Face and The Monies 3: The Headwall 4: Silvertip
Signs, ropes, and bamboo are all used to mark things at Alyeska. They are also used to control access to certain areas. As stated above, these areas may only be entered through open gates.
Lines with rope and/or
bamboo but no closed signs, are used as warnings, and may be crossed with
Rope lines with “Danger”, “Cliff”,
or “Expert Only” signs may be crossed with caution to terrain hazards and
Closed areas are
identified by a row of closed signs with/without a rope and or
Hazardous areas can be marked by a
rope and/or bamboo with no closed sign.
Please learn to identify the difference between ropes marking
hazards, rope lines with closed signs marking outer areas to be accessed by gate
only and areas that are permanently closed.
A rope line made of bamboo and rope, with
no closed signs,
1: A closed area 2: Avalanche danger 3: A hazard behind the line, and could be considered a warning rope 4: A parking space
Avalanches are powerful forces of nature that can catch and bury even the best of skiers. They may cause death or great injury and can overtake and bury people thousands of feet below. Avalanches can occur naturally or be skier triggered. If a skier causes the release, he or she may not even be the one affected. Innocent people or even rescuers could get buried. Avalanche sign line violators therefore not only risk their lives, but also the lives and well being of others.
By violating an avalanche closure you may risk...
1: Your own death or injury 2: The lives of innocent people 3: The lives of rescuers 4: All of the above
Alyeska uses sign lines to control access to terrain affected by avalanches. Gates in these lines reflect
whether an area is open or closed. These Outer Areas always close before the main area. After snowstorms,
avalanche control teams inspect each area for slide potential and open them when they have finished their work.
Going beyond a closed sign is against the law. It is punishable with a State Citation and a $150 fine, loss of ski privileges, or both.
Alyeska is pro-active in opening areas after storms. If an area is closed the avalanche danger is
Violating an avalanche closure, and skiing closed
terrain may result in...
1: A $150 fine 2: A State Citation 3: Loss of skiing privileges 4: All of the above
Causes of avalanche closures are not always obvious to the casual observer. Many times changing wind, snow, and/or visibility will cause an area to close mid-day. Closed signs and gates may have tracks through them. Do not proceed: these tracks may be left from the last few skiers through before the closure, a patrol sweep or an avalanche control team. They could also be from sign line violators. Please remember to read and obey the signs, regardless of tracks.
You arrive at a gate which is closed but has tracks
through it. You should not enter because...
1: The tracks may be from sign line violators 2: The area may have just closed 3: The tracks may be from an avalanche control team 4: Any of the above
Alyeska has night skiing on Thursdays-Saturdays and holidays. Only areas lit by night lighting and not closed with ropes and/or signs are open during night skiing. Violating a trail closure at night can result in the following EXCEPT…
1: Loss of skiing privileges 2: Being issued a state citation with fine 3: Being issued a $1000 Littering Fine 4: Being missed by ski patrol on sweep if you become injured in a closed area
There will be days the patrol will be doing speed control. If you are skiing too fast they may warn you or take your pass. Their decision will not be based on your control, but your speed and location on the mountain. Please ski responsibly. Slow down in congested areas. Recognize areas preferred by learning skiers. Adjust your speed to crowd and conditions, and help keep Alyeska a friendly place for everyone.
At Alyeska, fast skiing in designated slow zones or any congested area may result in…
1: Loss of skiing privileges 2: A collision with another skier 3: Both 1 & 2 4: A free paragliding lesson
Ski etiquette is an essential part of the ski industry today. Ski etiquette describes a code of polite conduct among skiers. It includes not skiing in closed areas, obeying all signs and rope lines, staying in control, prudent skiing speeds, not cutting lines, yielding the right of way, being polite to other guests and employees, looking uphill for others, being patient on hikes and openings, not traversing untracked bowls, etc. In short, ski etiquette is common sense and courtesy while skiing.
Ski etiquette may be defined as...
1: Obeying all signs and closures 2: Skiing in control and at prudent speeds 3: A code of polite behavior among skiers 4: All of the above
Not having a valid lift ticket or using someone else’s season pass or "Direct-to-Lift" ticket is stealing from Alyeska Resort. Season passes, Direct-to-Lift tickets and Day tickets are non-transferable; pass sharing in any way is stealing from the resort. This can be defined as ticket fraud. Anyone who is guilty of ticket fraud risks prosecution for Theft in the 3rd Degree. A Class "A" misdemeanor will show up on your record with the state of Alaska and you may face up to a year in jail and receive a $10,000 fine. It may be possible to avoid these maximum penalties by cooperating with ski patrol, paying Alyeska’s “Ticket Fraud fine” of $150+ the cost of a Day ticket (forfeited to Ski Patrol), losing lift privileges for 30 Days and taking the Mountain Education Test.
A skier/snowboarder that is found guilty of Ticket Fraud
in a court of law faces JAIL time up to…
1: 1 Year 2: 90 Days 3: 1 Month 4: 1 Day
A Skier/snowboarder that is found guilty of Ticket Fraud
in a court of law faces legal FINES up to…
1: $10,000 2: $1,000 3: $500 4: $100
ALYESKA’S SAFETY VIOLATION ENFORCEMENT GUIDELINES:
1st offense: Revocation of lift privileges for one day (or pick up trash).
2nd offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 7 days.
3rd offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 14 days.
1 - Open Containers
2 - Public Drinking or use of illicit drugs on the mountain.
3 - Littering
4 - Runaway Ski/Snowboard (with or without a leash)
5 - Collision with no injury
1st offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 7 days.
2nd offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 14 days.
3rd offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 30 days.
1 - Unsafe Skiing or Riding (including inverted aerials and skiing fast in Slow Zones)
2 - Snowmaking Closure/Race or Event Closure/Night Closure
3 - Bouncing or Horseplay on chairlift
4 - Disorderly Conduct (ie: excessive profanity, non-compliance)
5 - Line Crashing (ie: cutting in lift line)
1st offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 14 days.
2nd offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 30 days.
3rd offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 365 days.
1 - Runaway Ski/Snowboard Resulting in Accident
2 - Jumping from Chairlift
3 - Threatening Harm
4 - Interference of Personnel in Performance of Duties (ie: verbal abuse)
1st offense: Revocaton of lift privileges for 30 days.
2nd offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 365 days.
3rd offense: TBD by Patrol Director or Mountain Manager.
1 - Avalanche/Terrain Closure
2 - Leaving the Scene of an Accident
3 - Collision Resulting in Injury
Category 5: Possible Prosecution
1st offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 30 days.
2nd offense: Revocation of lift privileges for 365 days.
3rd offense: TBD by Patrol Director or Mountain Manager.
1 - Theft of Services (ie: Ticket Fraud) = $150 fine, possible prosecution [Theft
in the 4th Degree] and the cost of the lift ticket which is forfeited to Patrol
2 - Theft (will be turned over to law enforcement)
3 - Posession of Stolen Property (will be turned over to law enforcement)
4 - Physical Assault or Property Damage
5 - Trespassing ($150 fine)
Alaska Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Fine Schedule:
Skiing on Closed Slope or Trail
Stopping Device Required
Crossing Uphill Track of Surface Lift
Skiing or Riding Lift Under the Influence of Alcohol or Drugs
Failure to Ski within Ski Area Boundaries
Failure to Remain at Scene of an Accident
What is a possible outcome for a first time offense of
violating a Terrain Closure/Closed Slope?
1: $150 fine from Alaska Department of Natural Resources 2: Revocation of skiing privileges for 30 days 3: Risk of injury or death 4: All of the Above
What is the DNR fine for not having a leash or brakes
1: $150 2: $100 3: $50 4: $500
Alyeska has a closed boundary policy. Skiing into the
ski area from outside the established boundary, or exiting the ski area
boundary from an existing trail or open outer area may result in…
1: $150 DNR Fine 2: Loss of skiing privileges for 30 days 3: Risk of Injury or Death 4: All of the above
If you are involved in a collision at Alyeska, you must remain at the scene of the accident until released by ski patrol. You are also required to exchange contact information with all parties involved and patrol prior to leaving the scene.
Failure to remain at the scene of a collision,
regardless of injuries will result in…
1: Loss of skiing privileges for a minimum of 30 days and a $150 fine. 2: Loss of lift pass for 1 day
Skiing under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol may
1: Being forced to take a courtesy ride in patrol toboggan 2: Loss of skiing privileges for 1 day 3: $150 fine from DNR 4: All of the above
Being caught Skiing without a valid ticket or pass for
the first time will result in…
1: Paying a $150 fine, plus the cost of a Day Lift Ticket, Loss of Lift Privileges for 30 Days. 2: Being required to buy a lift ticket for that day. 3: A verbal warning 4: None of the above
Alyeska Ski Patrol maintains a database of skiers/riders
who violate the skier safety act and/or mountain policies. If you are caught
violating any of Alyeska’s Enforcement Guidelines, what will ski patrol do?
1: Ask you for your ticket or pass and/or other form of ID 2: Call patrol dispatch to find out if you are already in the violator database 3: Explain to you what your violation is, educate you so you understand the purpose of the policies, explain possible consequences, and place your information in the data base 4: All of the above
Anyone caught Littering at Alyeska will be subject to a
$1000.00 fine from the State of Alaska and prosecution. This penalty may be
1: Picking up the trash. 2: Not littering in the first place. 3: Both A and B